Human trafficking in Vietnam

Human trafficking in Vietnam

Human trafficking in Vietnam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Unbalanced scales.svg
The neutrality of this article needs to be checked. This article is largely or entirely based on text from public domain United States government sources. This article may express the point of view of the United States government or may contain an unbalanced critical assessment. It may require editing to put it in compliance with Wikipedia’s neutral point of view policy. (May 2008)
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. No cleanup reason has been specified. Please help improve this article if you can. (July 2008)

Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Women and children are trafficked to the People’s Republic of China (P.R.C), Cambodia, Thailand, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Macau for sexual exploitation. Vietnamese women are trafficked to the P.R.C., Taiwan, and the Republic of Korea via fraudulent or misrepresented marriages for commercial exploitation or forced labor. Vietnam is also a source country for men and women who migrate willingly and legally for work in the construction, fishing, or manufacturing sectors in Malaysia, Taiwan, P.R.C., Thailand, and the Middle East but subsequently face conditions of forced labor or debt bondage. Vietnam is a destination country for Cambodian children trafficked to urban centers for forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation. Vietnam has an internal trafficking problem with women and children from rural areas trafficked to urban centers for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Vietnam is increasingly a destination for child sex tourism, with perpetrators from Japan, the Republic of Korea, the P.R.C., Taiwan, the UK, Australia, Europe, and the U.S. In 2007, an Australian non-governmental organization (NGO) uncovered 80 cases of commercial sexual exploitation of children by foreign tourists in the Sa Pa tourist area of Vietnam alone.[1]
The Government of Vietnam does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The government stepped up prosecutions and strengthened cross-border cooperation on sex trafficking with Cambodia, China, and Thailand to rescue victims and arrest traffickers. At the same time, there were some cases in which Vietnamese workers on contracts brokered by recruiters linked to state-licensed companies were exploited and, in its intervention, the government may have focused on upholding its image of Vietnam as an attractive source of guest workers, to the detriment of investigating complaints of trafficking. Vietnam collaborated with law enforcement from Cambodia, the P.R.C, and Laos to rescue victims and arrest traffickers suspected of sex trafficking.[1]



The Vietnamese government demonstrated increased law enforcement efforts to combat trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation and uneven efforts to combat labor trafficking. Existing laws do not comprehensively cover trafficking in persons; however, various statutes in the Penal Code allow for all forms to be prosecuted. The government’s July 2007 Prime Ministerial Directive 16 directed to the Ministry of Justice to propose draft legislation to the National Assembly on a comprehensive new anti-TIP law and broadened the definition of trafficking in Vietnam to include men, not just women and children. The Directive also imposed a level of accountability on all provincial People’s Committee chairmen for combating trafficking in persons. Penalties prescribed for trafficking both for sexual and labor exploitation are sufficiently stringent and those for sexual exploitation are commensurate with those for other grave crimes, such as rape. The majority of traffickers are prosecuted under Articles 119, 120, and 275 of the Penal Code, which deal with trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. The government did not report any prosecutions or convictions for crimes of labor trafficking such as forced labor or debt bondage. According to Vietnam’s National Steering Committee on trafficking in persons, in 2007, police investigated 369 cases of sex trafficking involving 930 women and children victims. Police arrested 606 suspected traffickers and prosecuted 178 cases, obtaining 339 individual convictions of trafficking offenders. Nineteen traffickers were sentenced to 15–20 years in prison. The remaining 320 received convictions with sentencing of less than 15 years.
The level of involvement by officials in facilitating trafficking appears to be low. There are occasional reports of border guards taking bribes to look the other way. In April 2007 in Ho Chi Minh City, police disrupted a Korean trafficking ring that fraudulently recruited Vietnamese for marriages, rescuing 118 women. Three separate traffickers were convicted and sentenced from 6–12 years for trafficking women to Macau to allegedly work as masseuses and then forced them into prostitution. Police from Vietnam and Laos cooperated in rescuing eleven women and breaking up a sex trafficking ring that moved women and girls to Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. In July, the Ho Chi Minh People’s Court convicted six Vietnamese with sentences ranging from 5–12 years for trafficking 126 women to Malaysia under the guise of a matchmaking agency.[1]


The Vietnamese government demonstrated growing efforts at protecting victims in 2007, especially for victims of sex trafficking. A number of victim assistance and assessment centers were established in particular border areas. Sex trafficking victims were encouraged to assist in the investigation and prosecution process, as well as file civil suit against sex traffickers. There were no reports of sex trafficking victims being punished or otherwise penalized for acts committed as a direct result of being trafficked. The government still has no formal system of identifying victims of any type of trafficking, but the Vietnam Women’s Union (VWU) and international organizations, including IOM[expand acronym] and UNICEF, continue training the Border Guard Command and local Vietnamese authorities to identify, process, and treat victims.
In 2007, the Government issued Decision No. 17, on receiving and providing assistance to sex trafficking victims returning from abroad. There were reports in February 2008 of a group of over 200 Vietnamese men and women recruited by Vietnamese state-run labor agencies for work in apparel factories in Jordan, who were allegedly subjected to conditions of fraudulent recruitment, debt bondage, unlawful confiscation of travel documents, confinement, and manipulation of employment terms for the purpose of forced labor at their worksite. These conditions led to a worker strike and, subsequently, altercations among workers and with the Jordanian police. Some reports stated that the workers faced threats of retaliation by Vietnamese government officials and employment agency representatives if they did not return to work. The Vietnamese government repatriated the group, after labor negotiations with the Taiwanese employer and Jordanian authorities on behalf of the workers. None of the workers who returned to Vietnam has been detained by the Vietnamese government, which has stated that the workers will not be prosecuted criminally, although they could be subject to civil financial penalties from the recruitment firms due to the breaking of their contracts. There were no reported efforts by the Vietnamese government to consider any of the repatriated workers as possible victims of trafficking. In March 2007, the VWU opened the national “Center for Women and Development” in Hanoi to provide shelter, counseling, financial and vocational support to sex trafficking and domestic violence victims.
The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA) reported that 422 women and child victims of sex trafficking were repatriated. Officials assigned to Taiwan and the Republic of Korea received briefings on assisting Vietnamese brides. Under the Prime Minister’s Decree 69, steps to protect Vietnamese women from sham or trafficked situations as a result of brokered marriages included heightened due diligence in issuing marriage certificates and steps to ensure that the marriage is voluntary. The Vietnam Women’s Union began a program with its counterpart in South Korea to set up pre-marriage counseling centers and hotlines in key source areas of Vietnam.[1]


The Vietnamese government continued to demonstrate progress in efforts to prevent trafficking through public awareness. International organizations and NGOs continued collaboration with the government to provide training and technical assistance to various ministry officials as well as partnering in public awareness campaigns. The VWU and the Vietnam Youth Union conducted events including advertisements, radio and television campaigns as well as targeted events at schools in high-risk areas. The VWU collaborated with its counterpart in the Republic of Korea to conduct awareness campaigns and establish a hotline for Vietnamese brides. It sponsored a television documentary for women planning to marry foreigners that depicted positive and negative outcomes. Vietnam Television occasionally addresses trafficking in a popular home economics program by featuring returnees who discuss their experiences and how to avoid trafficking. In 2007, Vietnam television worked with MTV to broadcast a U.S. Government-funded anti-trafficking documentary and awareness campaign.
There were no visible measures undertaken by the government to reduce demand for commercial sex acts. In late 2007, Vietnam established a child sex tourism investigative unit within its Ministry of Public Security. Vietnam actively worked with the USG on a successful prosecution of an American citizen who was a promoter of child sex tourism in Vietnam. A requirement that all tourists staying in hotels register their passports could assist in keeping child sex tourists away from Vietnam; however, many short-stay hotels geared towards prostitution and typically do not require registration. Vietnam has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e “Vietnam”. Trafficking in Persons Report 2008. U.S. Department of State (June 4, 2008). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

Human trafficking in Asia
States with limited
Dependencies and
other territories

Human Trafficking in Vietnam

Human Trafficking in Vietnam

  1. Human Trafficking (Vietnamese)

  2. Vietnam Women

    • by ngaoxl
    • 1 year ago
    Over a half –million young women are trafficked each Year Around The world. –U.S. State Department Poor , young and pretty 
  3. (ILO) Viet Nam’s Voyages: Responding to human trafficking in Viet Nam

    Shot, produced and voiced by Allan Dow of ILO Bangkok with acknowledgements and usage of video clips from VTV and others 
  4. Sex Trafficking in Cambodia (Full Version)

    Many young women in South East Asia (and in many other parts of the world) are forced into sexual prostitution/slavery. This is the 
  5. Pattaya Thailand – Hotspot for sex trafficking in all SE-Asia

    • by xyzpuna
    • 9 months ago
    In Thailand alone there are an estimated 2 million people trapped in the sex trade having been coerced, manipulated or trafficked 
    • HD
  6. DDKH – Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – p1

    Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – part 1 The Vietnamese Professionals Society – Southern California worked 
  7. Stop VietNam Human Trafficking

    • by Alex le
    • 11 months ago
    We are here to help you ! Stop Human Trafficking in Viet Nam Nan nhan buon nguoi o VietNam – Hay cham dut dieu do ngay 
  8. JUST DO IT! Human trafficking in Nike’s sweatshop factory in Malaysia

    Award-winning* TV reports on human trafficking of workers by Vietnam’s state-run recruitment agencies for Nike’s sweatshops in 
  9. Human trafficking – dreams and realities: Diep Vuong at TEDxSanJoseCA 2012

    As cofounder of Pacific Links Foundation (PALS) a US-ased international NGO, Diep Vuong designed and spearheads an 
  10. DDKH – Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – p2

    Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – part 2 The Vietnamese Professionals Society – Southern California worked 
  11. We can stop sex trafficking of Vietnamese women to Malaysia (08-11-12)

    Produced by Coalition to Abolish Modern-day Slavery in Asia (CAMSA), this informational video provides preventive tips for young 
  12. Human Trafficking: Hawaii Farms (Vietnamese Translation)

    As part of the 808 HALT coalition campaign to promote awareness about human trafficking in Hawaii, this video takes a closer 
  13. Sex trafficking in Cambodia (BBC)

    • by M S
    • 6 months ago
    Cambodia is a destination country for women and children who are trafficked from Vietnam and China for sexual exploitation.
  14. Buzzworthy blog: Simple Plan arrive in Vietnam

    Simple Plan Traveled To Vietnam To Learn About Human Trafficking (Part 1/4)
  15. SUPPORT VIETACT!!! – End Human Trafficking

    A grassroots organization dedicated to eradicating human trafficking of Vietnamese victims through collaboration, advocacy, and 
  16. DDKH – Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – p3

    Human Trafficking of Vietnamese Women & Children – part 3 The Vietnamese Professionals Society – Southern California worked 
  1. Vietnamese Men:Get Ripped

    Vietnamese men get ripped fast!
    Vietnamese trainer shows you how

AdsSee your ad here »


  1. | Vietnam

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 676,

    Vietnam. The Situation Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and conditions

  2. Human trafficking in Vietnam – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Alexa Traffic Rank for

    Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Women and children are trafficked to

  3. Vietnam: Human Trafficking | Global Exchange

    The Situation Vietnam is a source and destination country for human trafficking. Source Vietnamese men, women, and girls are trafficked for sexual and labor

  4. Luke Dale-Harris: The Ultimate Betrayal: Human Trafficking in Vietnam

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 2,611…/…

    Jan 7, 2013 – The statistics on the human trafficking in Vietnam vary hugely and official information is limited. The Vietnam Ministry of Public Security offer the

  5. UNIAP | | Who is Being Trafficked in Vietnam?

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 4,613,805

    Human trafficking affects women, men and children in Vietnam. There are various vulnerability factors to human trafficking and usually no single factor brings

  6. Human Trafficking At Vietnam-China Border

    Alexa Traffic Rank for!human-trafficking-boston-to-bangkok-5/cuma: 13,617,820!humantrafficking-boston-to…

    Jan 22, 2013 – A look at human trafficking along the borders of Vietnam and China and the use of mobile phone and SmartPhone technology in

  7. Images for human trafficking in vietnam

    – Report images

  8. Report > Combating Human Trafficking in Vietnam – The Asia

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 282,

    Resource Library: Combating Human Trafficking in Vietnam – Lessons learned and practical experiences for future program design and implementation.

  9. IRIN Asia | Analysis: Southeast Asia’s human trafficking conundrum

    May 6, 2013 – In a lot of human trafficking cases there’s no resolution because there’s Cambodia and Thailand, and Cambodia and Vietnam, due in part to

  10. Simple Plan Traveled To Vietnam To Learn About Human Trafficking

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 1,…/simple-plan-vietnam-this-song…
    Apr 5, 2013

    Simple Plan teamed up with MTV Exit to battle global youth trafficking; watch a video of their inspirational visit

  11. More videos for human trafficking in vietnam »
  12. Vietnamese Trapped in ‘Murky’ Trafficking Syndicates in Russia

    Alexa Traffic Rank for 7,986

    Apr 22, 2013 – The recent case of 15 Vietnamese women trapped in a Moscow sextrafficking ring underscores a larger problem of human trafficking involving

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s