Human Trafficking Issues in Vietnam | Polaris Project | International Directory of Human Trafficking Organizations


 
VIETNAM
Background:
Vietnam is a country of origin for trafficking in persons with primary countries of destination being China,
Cambodia, Taiwan, Thailand and Macao. There are no official statistics, and estimates vary considerably.
However some sources suggest that at least 10,000 women have been trafficked for marriage or
prostitution since the early 1990’s
474
. The Ministry of Public Security statistics suggest that up to 22,000
women and children were sent to China alone between 1991-1999, primarily for marriage. In addition,
trafficking in Vietnamese women and children for sexual exploitation in Cambodia is widespread. In one
study, three-quarters of the selected sample of 9-16 year olds were reported to be Vietnamese
475
.
Trafficking of children within the country for prostitution, from rural to urban areas, has been documented,
with suggestions that between 7-10% of prostitutes in Vietnam are girl children
476
. Cases of families
selling their daughters to brothel owners to support themselves have been recorded. In addition, Hopkins
(1996) suggested that adoption was big business with 4000 adoptions by foreigners between 1992-1996.
However, this does not necessarily imply trafficking
477
.
The higher ratio of Chinese men to women is creating new dimensions to trafficking from the country.
According to Vietnamese authorities, there are increasing reports of Vietnamese women being forced to
become ‘family wives’ (having sex with the husbands ‘brothers’) following marriage to men from Taiwan
and mainland China, often through marriage brokers. These brokers evade the law by operating within
legitimate travel agencies or law firms
478
. It is believed that ethnic minority groups in mountainous
communities rather than the lowland areas are more likely to be trafficked to China due to their poorer
relative socio-economic situation
479
.
Promises of work or marriage, deception and fraud are used in the recruitment of women. Most procurers
are women who have themselves been trafficked, and often they are relatives, friends or people from the
same village or broker. Some are aware of going into prostitution, but unaware of the debt and conditions.
False job and marriage contracts are used.
Factors include poverty (including the feminisation of poverty), unemployment, sex tourism and cultural
practices.
Legislation:
Articles 115 and 149 of the Penal Code prohibit trafficking in women and children with penalties between
5-20 years in prison.
According to the 2001 U.S Department of State report, there have been over 200
prosecutions for trafficking with high rates of conviction.
Prostitution is prohibited.
q
Action Aid
Room 206, 521 Kim Ma Road
Ba Dinh
Hanoi
Tel: + 84 4 7717 692
Fax: + 84 4 7717 693
Email: Qanh@aaviet.netnam.vn
Activities:
Action Aid is an international NGO which works on a number of development related themes including: Food
security, education, gender equity, HIV /AIDS and governance. With regards to trafficking in persons, Action Aid Hanoi carries
out the following activities:
ß
Reintegration assistance in the form of loans
ß
Research, advocacy and networking
ß
Dissemination of information
ß
Public awareness campaigns

Vietnam
219
q
The Centre for Reproductive and Family Health (Ra FH)
No. 63, Gateway 35
Cat Linh
Dong Da District
Ha Noi
Tel: + 84 4 8234288
Fax: + 84 4 8234288
Email: rafh@hn.vnn.vn
W
eb:
Activities:
RaFH is an NGO working on gender, sexuality and reproductive health with the aim of improving women and
children’s health, especially in remote minority areas. It also focus’ on disadvantaged groups, including victims of trafficking.
ß
Research, information, education and communication on reproductive healthcare, including family planning and STD’s.
Recent research includes the situation of trafficking in women in the border provinces of Vietnam
ß
Provision of health support to repatriated trafficked women in Mong Cai town
ß
Networks of motivators are set up in communities to organize training courses and community reproductive health clubs
ß
Raising awareness for communities through training and publications
q
Centre for Study on Women Workers (CSWW)*
No 2 Dinh Le Street
Hanoi
Tel: +84 4 826 9732
Fax: +84 4 826 9733
Activities:
The centre belongs to the Research Institute for Labour Sciences and Social Affairs. CSWW is active in research,
collecting statistical data on women workers in Vietnam and has conducted research projects on related topics.
CSWW organises training workshops for women leaders.
q
Centre for Women’s Studies
National Centre for Social Sciences
#6 Dinh Cong Trang Street
Hanoi 84
Tel: +844 933 1744 or +844 825 2372
Fax: +844 933 2890
E-mail: system@CFWS.AC.VN
Activities:
The Centre for Women’s Studies undertakes research, information and documentation on women and the
family. The centre is part of the government infrastructure.
q
HO Chi Minh City Child Welfare Foundation
18 Pham Viet Chanh
W
ard 19
Binh Thanh
Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: + 848 8401406
Fax: + 848 8401407
Email: hcwf@hcm.vnn.vn
Activities
:
Provides shelter for sexually abused, prostituted and trafficked girls
q
ILO-IPEC Mekong Sub-Region Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women (Vietnam
Project Office)
Room 1301, 13
th
Floor
Hanoi Tower
49 Hai Ba Trung
Hanoi
Tel: + 84 4 9343977
Fax: + 84 4 9343966
Email: ticwhanoi@fpt.vn
Activities
ß
Day to day assistance, including help with job seeking
ß
Psychological counselling (self-support groups)
ß
Long-term financial assistance
ß
Referral to legal services
ß
Reintegration assistance including: educational courses, employment skills training, individual rehabilitation programmes,
small business support and loans
ß
Research, advocacy, networking and lobbying
ß
Policy making, dissemination of information and awareness raising
ß
Technical assistance / training for other organisations

Vietnam
220
q
International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
43 Tran Xuan Soan
5
th
Floor
Hanoi
Tel: + 84 4 971 6911
Fax: + 84 4 971 6913
Email: iomhanoi@iom.int
W
eb:
Activities:
IOM is an inter-governmental organisation with offices worldwide. IOM Hanoi undertakes the following activities with
regards to trafficking in persons:
ß
Legal assistance advice and documentation
ß
Social services including: day to day assistance, food and clothing, assistance with job seeking, financial help
ß
Psychological counselling (short-term) and free medical assistance
ß
Short-term (1 week) and long-term (4 month) shelter
ß
Information and advice hotline in normal working hours
ß
Outreach work – contacting women in brothels / on the street
ß
Referral to medical, legal and psychological services
ß
Reintegration assistance including: individual rehabilitation programmes, education and employment skills training, small
business support and loans. These loans often go towards livestock raising, farming or small scale trading. Credit groups
are formed with regular meetings in which members exchange information on business and personal matters
ß
Return services to country of origin
ß
Research, advocacy, lobbying and networking
ß
Policy making and dissemination of information; awareness raising via mass media
ß
Technical assistance / training to other agencies
q
MOLISA (Vietnam Social Evils Prevention Department)*
Ministry of Labour, War Invalids and Social Affairs
12 Ngo Quyen
Ha Noi
Tel: + 844 9343977
Fax: + 844 9343966
Activities:
MOLISA is a government department with primary responsibility for addressing trafficking in persons. Its activities
include:
ß
W
orking in collaboration with ILO/IPEC on trafficking in women and children projects
ß
Prevention of child prostitution in collaboration with UNESCAP
q
OXFAM Great Britain
La Thanh Hotel
218 Doi Can
Ha Noi
Tel: + 844 8325491
Fax: + 844 8325247
Email: mandy@oxfamgb.org.vn
q
Research Centre for Gender and Development (RCGAD)
University for Social Sciences and Humanities
336 Nguyen Trai Street
Thanh Xuan District
Hanoi
Tel: + 844 511 2521 / 858 2540
Fax: + 844 858 1827
Email: ltquy@netnam.vn
Activities:
RCGAD is an academic institution which has undertaken research into trafficking in women in Vietnam. They have
also set up some returned women’s groups in the provinces of Lang Son, Quang Ninh and Hai Duong.
q
Research Centre for Gender, Family and Environment in Development (CGFED)
19 – A26 Nghia Tan
Cau Giay
Hanoi
Tel: +84 4 7565929
Fax: +84 4 7565874
Email: cgfed@hn.vnn.vn
Activities:
CGFED is an NGO specialising on Gender, Family and Environment problems. All its activities aim at the
improvement of the role and status of women in the development process in Vietnam.
ß
CGFED has conducted research studies and participated in intervention programmes into trafficking in women, based on
prevention of human trafficking and the creation of favourable condition for the poor, including disadvantaged women.
These include: “Combating the trafficking in Children, exploitation and other intolerable forms of child labour in Mekong
Basin Countries: The case of Vietnam (1997-1998)”; “Raising awareness for adolescent on reproductive health and
human trafficking – A serious violation of adolescent reproductive health”.
ß
CGFED are currently undertaking the “Community development project in Dai Dong Commune, Trang Dinh district, Lang
Son province”, (2000-2003). The project target group are disadvantaged women who were trafficked to China and are
now returned.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s